Tag Archives: Poland

The Next 100 Years

American political scientist George Friedman made a forecast in this book that is contrary to what most of us would make judging by what is happening nowadays only. The 21st century, according to him, will be abundant in technological improvements of any kind, demographic crises, and also wars similar to what we have seen in The Fifth Element, Star Wars, and other books and movies picturing the future. Continue reading

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Transition economies: The case of Bulgaria

Abstract: Nowadays Bulgaria is known as a former communist country that went through a transition period to a free-market economy. On November 10, 1989, a day after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party made the decision to strip Todor Zhivkov of his power. Bulgaria and the German Democratic Republic were not the only then communist countries whose governments collapsed in November 1989. Other Eastern Bloc countries went through the same in that month and the months after. What is the transition period? Does it vary on a case-by-case basis? If yes, which kind of transition is the best, if any? How are transition countries compared? What happened in Bulgaria during its transition period from a socialist economy to a free-market economy? How did the Bulgarian economy transition compared to some of the other transition economies?

This paper aims at answering these and similar questions. Part one explains the two different approaches on transition – shock therapy and gradualism – including how successful they were in several countries – Russia, China and Poland, picked on a random basis as positive or negative examples of one of the two approaches. Part two discusses the case of Bulgaria compared to other transition economies. Part three draws a conclusion on the case of Bulgaria from the conducted research. Continue reading

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Tragedy in Smolensk, not conspiracy

 

I woke up this morning, went to BBC, and saw this breaking news: Polish President dies in plane crash. Lech Kaczynski was on his way to Katyn to mark the 70th anniversary of the massacre that was committed there by Soviet forces against the Polish inteligentsia, police and military. Speculations have already arised, with some people arguing that this crash is not an accident, and that the Russians did it on purpose because there was an 88-strong Polish delegation. This conspiracy theory came as a result of the strained relations between Poland and Russia which, according to observers, have been improving recently but, some say, Russia might have been behind the tragedy in order to liquidate a great deal of the Polish political elite and thus commence reestablishment of its sphere of influence in Poland. Continue reading

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